Saturday, February 21, 2009

Grammartalk 8, Present Perfect Progressive Tense, Page One

She has been playing the piano since she was a little girl.

A: Sorry I’m so late. How long have you been waiting?
B: That’s OK. I’ve only been waiting for ten minutes.
A: Have you been working at the Post Office long?
B: Yes, I have. I’ve been working here for ten years.
A: Your sister is a fine piano player.
B: Yes, she is. She’s been playing the piano since she was eight years old.

A: I just got home. How long has the phone been ringing?
B: It’s been ringing for five minutes.
A: How come you haven’t answered it yet?
B: I just got home myself. I’ve been shopping.
A: Hello? Oh, hello, Tom. I’m sorry no one answered your call. We weren’t home.
B: It’s Tom again? He’s been calling all morning.

A:How long have Mr. and Mrs. Jones been living in
San Francisco?
B: They’ve been living here for the last six years.
A: How long have they been remodeling their kitchen?
B: They’ve been remodeling it for the last six months.
A: I hope they finish it soon. They need a kitchen.
B: Yes, they do. They’ve been using mine for the last six weeks.

A: What is your car doing? It has problems.
B: It’s been making strange noises all morning.
A: Have you taken it to a mechanic?
B: No. I’ve been trying to fix it myself.
A: You should take it to my brother’s shop. He’s been fixing cars for years.
B: That’s a good idea. Please give me his card. I’ll call him right away.

A: What are you and your friends doing?
B: We’re standing in line for movie tickets.
A: Oh? How long have you been standing in line?
B: We’ve been waiting in this line for a half hour.
A: The movie you’re going to see must be popular.
B: Yes, it is. It’s been playing in this theater for several months.

A: What are you doing? Why have you been running
from one room to another?
B: I’m upset. I’ve been looking for my car keys. I can’t find them.
A: When is the last time you used the car?
B: I haven’t been driving for a while.
A: That’s probably why you can’t find the keys.
B: There they are. They’ve been sitting on that table all this time. I just didn’t see them.

A: You look tired. What have you been doing?
B: I’ve been writing letters since ten o’clock this morning.
A: Really? How many letters have you written?
B: You won’t believe this, but I’ve already written fifteen letters.
A: Fifteen letters? No wonder you’re tried.
B: Yes, and I’ve already drunk three cups of tea.

A: Maria looks exhausted. What has she been doing?
B: She’s been baking cookies since nine o’clock this morning.
A: Really? How many cookies has she baked?
B: I don’t know. I haven’t been counting her cookies.
A: Has she baked enough cookies for our big party?
B: I’m sure she’s already baked more than enough.

A: How long has Bob been taking photographs?
B: He’s been taking photographs since nine o’clock this morning.
A: How many photographs has he taken?
B: Believe it or not, he’s already taken twenty pictures.
A: I’ve been trying to get my picture taken for two days.
B: I know. Bob is the best photographer in the city. He’s very busy.

A: You’ve been going on job interviews all morning.
B: Yes, I have. I’ve been talking to many employers.
A: Have you had any luck finding a job?
B: Yes, I have. I’ve already received two job offers.
A: That’s great. You’ve been looking for a job for a long time.
B: Yes. I’ve been hoping to get a better job with a better salary.

Text of Grammartalk 8, Pages 1 and 2

Grammartalk 9, Pages 1 and 2, Gerunds

I avoid driving downtown whenever I can.

Text of Grammartalk 9, Pages 1 and 2

Grammartalk 9HB, Pages 1 and 2, Past Progressive and Future Progressive Tenses

What were you doing when the blackout happened?

Past Progressive Tense and Future Progressive Tense.

Text of Grammartalk 9 HB

Friday, February 20, 2009

Grammartalk 10, Page 1, Passive Voice

The Golden Gate Bridge was built in the 1930s.

A: Time magazine is read by many people.
B: Where is it sold?
A: It’s sold at many newsstands.
B: Is it translated into many languages?
A: Yes, it is. And it is published every two weeks.
B: Many news stories are written for Time magazine.

A: Soccer is played by millions of people.
B: Players are not allowed to use their hands, except the goalie.
A: The ball is controlled by the feet, head, and body.
B: How often are the World Cup games held?
A: They are held every four years. The best teams in the world compete.

A: In The U.S, soccer is not as popular as in other countries.
B: Yes. American football is more popular.
A: Heavy equipment is worn by players.
B: The ball is passed by the quarterback.
A: The ball carriers are tackled. They’re often injured in this rough game.
B: American football is televised. It is watched by many people.

A: Has my car been repaired yet?
B: Not yet. It’s being repaired right now.
A: Exactly what is being done to my car?
B: The brakes are being adjusted.
A: Is the oil filter being replaced?
B: Yes, it is. And the tires are being rotated.

A: You’d better work faster. You’re being watched.
B: I’m being watched? What about you?
A: Yes. All of the workers are being videotaped now.
B: I don’t want to be watched while I work.
A: This factory is being evaluated now.
B: Evaluated? I hope they don’t close it. I don’t want to lose this job.

A: When was the Golden Gate Bridge constructed?
B: It was built in the 1930s.
A: Who designed the Golden Gate Bridge?
B: It was designed by Joseph B. Strauss.
A: When was the bridge completed?
B: It was completed in 1937. It was opened for traffic on May 28th of that year.

A: These are good photographs of you.
B: Do you really think so? They were taken in the rain.
A: Who took these photographs?
B: They were taken by my aunt Sophie.
A: Where were they developed?
B: They were developed at Walgreen’s Pharmacy.

A: What’s your favorite movie?
B: My favorite movie is “It’s a Wonderful Life.”
A: Who directed it?
B: It was directed by Frank Capra.
A: When was that movie made?
B: It was made in 1947. It wasn’t given a very good review when it came out.

A: Who composed that beautiful sonata?
B: It was composed by Beethoven.
A: Who wrote the novel “The Sun Also Rises?”
B: It was written by Ernest Hemingway.
A: That’s a great building. Who designed it?
B: It was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.

A: Who invented the telephone?
B: It was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.
A: Who flew the first airplane?
B: The first airplane was flown by the Wright Brothers.
A: What San Francisco landmark was named one of the “Seven Wonders of The World?”
B: The Golden Gate Bridge was named one of the “Seven Wonders of The World.”

Text of Grammartalk 10

Tuesday, February 10, 2009

Grammartalk 11, Page 1, First Conditional, Future and Real

If it doesn't rain, we'll go to the beach.

A: How will you get to work tomorrow?
B: If it rains, I’ll drive my car.
A: What if it doesn’t rain?
B: If it doesn’t rain, I’ll walk to work.
A: If it’s sunny, I’ll eat my lunch outside.
B: I’ll have my lunch on the grass if it’s nice out.

A: What are we having for dinner tonight?
B: If we’re hungry, we’ll have a full course meal.
A: What if we’re not very hungry?
B: We’ll just have some soup if we’re not too hungry.
A: If I’m not tired, I’ll cook dinner tonight.
B: Let’s go to a restaurant if we’re too tired to cook.

A: What’s the matter with Fred? Is he sick?
B: Yes, he is. But, he’s getting over it slowly.
A: Will he be at work if he feels better tomorrow?
B: Yes, but if he doesn’t feel better, he’ll stay home and rest another day.
A: If he stays home, he won’t finish the report.
B: He won’t get a raise unless he finishes it on time.

A: Should I buy a car? I can’t decide.
B: If you buy a car, you’ll have to spend a lot of money.
A: If I spend too much, I won’t have enough to pay the rent.
B: If you’re short of cash, I’ll lend you a hundred dollars.
A: If you lend me money, I’ll pay you back soon.
B: I think you’d better not buy that car.

A: Maybe we shouldn’t move to New York.
B: If you move there, you’ll be far away from your grandchildren.
A: If we don’t see them very often, we’ll be sad.
B: If you miss them too much, you’ll fly to San Francisco a lot.
A: If we fly a lot, we’ll spend too much for plane fare.
B: You probably shouldn’t move to New York.

A: Would you like to go to the beach with me?
B: If I go to the beach, I might get a sunburn.
A: You won’t get a sunburn if you use sun screen.
B: If I get a sunburn, it will itch a lot.
A: Your sunburn won’t itch because you won’t get one.
B: If we go to the beach, do we have to swim?

A: Careful, put on your safety glasses.
B: I’ll wear them if you really think they’re necessary.
A: If you don’t wear them, you might hurt your eyes.
B: Okay, I’ll put them on right away if you insist.
A: If you are careful on the job, you won’t get hurt.
B: If I wear my safety glasses, I’ll feel safer.

A: Unless you stop smoking, you’ll start a fire here.
B: Why will I start a fire if I smoke a cigarette?
A: There are inflammable chemicals all around us.
B: Oh, I didn’t know. I’ll put it out right away.
A: If the boss see you smoking, he’ll have a fit.
B: Okay, I won’t smoke anymore on the job.

A: You know, you shouldn’t drive so fast.
B: If I don’t drive fast, I won’t be on time to work.
A: But you might have an accident if you don’t slow down.
B: If I’m not on time to work, I might lose my job.
A: If you speed, you could get a ticket.
B: Okay, you’re right. I’ll try to drive a little slower.

A: If Jose works overtime, he’ll make more money.
B: But if he works too much, he’ll be very tired.
A: He can buy a house if he saves enough money.
B: He might find a better job if he looks around.
A: Yes. He has a lot of ability.
B: However, if he looks for a new job, he might not find one.

Text of Grammartalk 11, Pages 1 and 2